Python Functions

In Python def keyword is used to define function . It must be followed by the function name and the parenthesized list of formal parameters. The statements that form the body of the function start at the next line, and must be indented.


Syntax to define functions

def function_name(parameter):
                 function body
                 ......................
                .......................


# creating function
def square(n):
    print(n * n)


# function ended
# now call the function
square(5)
square(10)
square(15)
square(20)
25
100
225
400

function to print Fibonacci series up to n

# function to  print Fibonacci series up to n
def printFebnocci(n):
    a, b = 0, 1
    while a < n:
        print(a, end=' ')
        a, b = b, a + b


print()

printFebnocci(2000)
0 1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21 34 55 89 144 233 377 610 987 1597 

Default Argument Values in function

We can specify the default value of the variable passed in function argument . These values are used when we do not pass any value while calling the function . for example


def test(name='Raman'):
    print(name)


# now calling the function
test()
test("John")
Raman
John

Function using Lambda Expressions

Small anonymous functions can be created with the lambda keyword . These anonymous function is a function without having any name. These function is used with reference of the function. for example


# defining the function using lambda expression
# storing the reference of it in f variable
f = lambda a, b: a + b

# now calling the function
print(f(4,5))
print(f(30,5))
print(f(9,5))
9
35
14

Example of lambda

def increment(n):
    return lambda x: x + n


# use the above function
f = increment(45)
print(f(2))
print(f(5))
print(f(2))
47
50
47