Operators are special characters which perform operation on operands (values or variable).There are various kind of operators available in Kotlin.

1) Arithmetic operator

2) Relation operator

3) Assignment operator

4) Arithmetic Assignment operator

5) Bitwise operation

6) Logical operator

Arithmetic operators are used to perform basic mathematical operations such as addition (+), subtraction (-), multiplication (*), division (/) etc.

Operator | Description | Expression | Translate to |

+ | Addition | a+b | a.plus(b) |

- | Substraction | a-b | a.minus(b) |

* | Multiplication | a*b | a.times(b) |

/ | Division | a/b | a.div(b) |

% | Modulus | a%b | a.rem(b) |

**Example of Arithmetic Operator**

```
fun main(array: Array
```) {
//example of arithmetic operator
var a: Int = 50
var b: Int = 6
var c: Int = a + b
var d: Int = a - b
var e: Int = a * b
var f: Int = a % b
var g: Int = a / b
println("Addition : ${c}")
println("Subtraction : ${d}")
println("Multiplication : ${e}")
println("Division : ${g}")
println("Mod : ${f}")
//it can also be done ...
println("-----------------");
var h = a.plus(b)
var i = a.minus(b)
var j = a.times(b)
var k = a.div(b)
var l = a.rem(b)
println("Addition : ${h}")
println("Subtraction : ${i}")
println("Multiplication : ${j}")
println("Division : ${k}")
println("Mod : ${l}")
}

Addition : 56 Subtraction : 44 Multiplication : 300 Division : 8 Mod : 2 ----------------- Addition : 56 Subtraction : 44 Multiplication : 300 Division : 8 Mod : 2

Relation operator shows the relation and compares between operands. Basically it is used to compare to operands .Following are the different relational operators:

Operator | Description | Expression | Translate to |

> | greater than | x > y | a.compateTo(b)>0 |

< | Less than | x < y | a.compateTo(b)<0 |

>= | greater than or equal to | x >= y | a.compateTo(b)>=0 |

<= | less than or equal to | x <= y | a?.equals(b)?:(b===null) |

== | is equal to | x == y | a?.equals(b)?:(b===null) |

!= | not equal to | x != y | !(a?.equals(b)?:(b===null)) |

**Example of Relational Operator**

```
fun main(array: Array
```) {
//example of relational operator
var a: Int = 4
var b: Int = 5
println(a > b)
println(a.compareTo(b) > 0)
println(a == b)
println(a.compareTo(b) == 0)
}

false false false false

**=** is assignment operator which is used to assign the value to variable.

`fun main(array: Array`) {
//example of assignment operator
var name:String? = "Durgesh Kumar Tiwari"
println("My name is ${name}")
}

My name is Durgesh Kumar Tiwari

wherever Arithmetic and Assignment operator is used together for operation and assignment then these operator as known as Arithmetic Assignment Operator.

for example

+= , -= ,*= , /= etc

**Example of Relational Operator**

```
fun main(array: Array
```) {
//example of Arithmetic Assignment operator
var a: Int = 5
var b: Int = 6
a += b
println("value of a is ${a}")
}

value of a is 11

Logical operators are used to check conditions between operands. List of logical operators are given below.

Operator | Description | Expression | Convert to |

&& | return true if all expression are true | (x > y) && (x > y) | (x > y) and (x > y) |

|| | return true if any expression are true | (x > y) || (x > y) | (x > y) or (x > y) |

! | return complement of expression | !x | x.not() |

**Example of Logical Operator**

`fun main(array: Array`) {
var flag: Boolean = true
var flag1: Boolean = false
var flag2: Boolean = true
println(flag and flag1)
println(flag or flag1)
println(flag2.not())
}

false true false

In Kotlin, there is not any special bitwise operator. Bitwise operation is done using named function.

` fun main(args: Array`){
var a=10
var b=2
println("a.shl(b): "+a.shl(b))
println("a.shr(b): "+a.shr(b))
println("a.ushr(b:) "+a.ushr(b))
println("a.and(b): "+a.and(b))
println("a.or(b): "+a.or(b))
println("a.xor(b): "+a.xor(b))
println("a.inv(): "+a.inv())
}

a.shl(b): 40 a.shr(b): 2 a.ushr(b:) 2 a.and(b): 2 a.or(b): 10 a.xor(b): 8 a.inv(): -11